4 Types of Natural Stone

4 types of natural stone
Today we want to share the 4 types of natural stone you can choose when looking for tiles.

Throughout human history, stone has maintained a reputation of both durability and elegance. Some structures which have come to be known by many people as icons of human achievement were made with stone, proving that marble is a very “civilized” choice, as well as one that is simply tasteful.

Just as in ancient Greek and Roman society, marble represents beauty, elegance, sophistication in our modern era. It has become an increasingly popular choice for interior and exterior decoration.

Pera Tile carries a variety of different natural stones in a multitude of finishes.

4 Types of Natural Stone


Limestone is a layered sedimentary stone, and may include seashells and fossils. Most limestones have a granular texture.

Their constituent grains range in size from microns to visible particles. In many cases, the grains are microscopic fragments of fossil animal shells.

It is usually more uniform in color and pattern than marble and travertine. Limestone also tends to be softer than marble and travertine.


Travertine is a banded variety of limestone that forms over time near waterfalls, hot or cold springs as it is formed by the minerals dissolved in ground water and deposited on to the earth’s surface by streams.

Travertine is harder than limestone, and is more porous as the gas bubbles create a pitted structure in the stone.

The pores can be filled with color matching putty to give the stone a smoother texture. Colors range from the most common beige to warm browns as well as grays, yellows and reds.


Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.

White in its purest form, most marbles come with swirls and veins in a variety of colors due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone.

Marble is also used as the commercial name including all decorative calcium-rich rocks that can be polished, as well as certain serpentines or verd antiques.


Basalt is the most common volcanic rock in the Earth’s crust. It is usually grey to black and fine-grained due to rapid cooling of lava at the surface of a planet. It is a good heat insulator.

Basalt has been used in construction as building blocks or for flooring and paving in public places. Recently has become more popular as a decorative item in contemporary architecture.

We hope the explanation of the types of natural stone you can choose was helpful, PeraTile offers ALL natural stone options, visit below to learn more.

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